Why Did the Prophet Fast Ashura

 Why Did the Prophet Fast Ashura?

🌟“Fasting the day of Ashura ➡(is of great merits), I hope that Allah will accept it as an expiation for (the sins committed in) the previous year.”
➡ (Prophet Muhammad) may Allah exalt his mention said that.

🌟Fasting on Muharram 10, known as ➡ the Day of Ashura expiates for the sins of the past year.

🌟When the Prophet (peace be upon him) arrived in Madinah in 622 CE, he found that the Jews there fasted on Muharram 10 and asked them the reason for their fasting on this day.

They said:
“This is a blessed day.”
➡ The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:
“We are closer to Moses than you are.”
➡ He fasted on that day and commanded Muslims to fast on this day. 👉🏾 (Al-Bukhari)

➡The following year, Allah commanded the Muslims

⤵⤵⤵

1⃣ to fast the month of Ramadan, and
2⃣ the fasting of Ashura became optional.

➡It is also reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him)
➡ intended to fast on the ninth and tenth. Ibn `Abbas reported:
The Messenger of Allah fasted on the day of Ashura and ordered the people to fast on it.

➡The people said:
“O Messenger of Allah, it is a day that the Jews and Christians honor.”
🌟The Prophet said:
“When the following year comes, Allah willing, we shall fast on the ninth.”
👉🏾The death of the Prophet came before the following year. (Muslim)

⤵⤵⤵

➡Thus, according to scholars, you may choose to fast Ashura :
1⃣on three days (ninth, tenth, and eleventh);
2⃣ two days (ninth and tenth); or 3⃣ one day only (the tenth).

🌟The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:
👉🏾“Fasting the day of Ashura (is of great merits), I hope that Allah will accept it as an expiation for (the sins committed in) the previous year.” ➡ (Muslim).

➡ But this expiation of minor sins comes only if you avoid major sins.

🌟It is a big mistake to rely on fasting a single day to “wipe your slate clean.”
➡ If you neglect your daily Prayers or
➡ the fast of Ramadan, or
➡ if you backbite, lie, commit adultery or other major sins,

👉🏾fasting on Ashura alone will not atone for your sins.

➡ The source ⤵⤵⤵

The great scholar Ibn Al-Qayyim Al-Jawziyya (b. 691 AH/1292 CE)

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